WAYS TO REDUCE YOUR CANCER RISKS
- Do not smoke. Do not use any form of tobacco.
- Take action to have a healthy body weight. Being BIG is good, but being HEALTHY is better and best.
- Be physically active in everyday life. Limit the time you spend sitting.
- Have a healthy diet:
-Eat plenty of whole grains, pulses (lentils, beans, peas and chickpeas), vegetables and fresh fruits.
-Limit high-calorie foods (foods high in sugar or fat) and avoid sugary drinks. Avoid processed meat; limit red meat and foods high in salt.
- If you drink alcohol of any type, limit your intake. Not drinking alcohol is better for cancer prevention.
- Avoid too much sun, especially for children. Use sun protection. Do not use sunbeds.
- In the workplace, protect yourself against cancer-causing substances by following health and safety instructions especially for people who work in factories and manufacturing companies.
- For women:
-Breastfeeding reduces the mother’s cancer risk. If you can, breastfeed your baby.
-Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) increases the risk of certain cancers. Limit use of HRT.
- Ensure you take part in vaccination programmes for:
Epidemiological study reveals that 1 in every 8 persons in Nigeria is living with viral Hepatitis and about 22 million Nigerians are estimated to be infected with either HBV or HCV. 90-95% of Mother to Child Transmission of viral hepatitis ends in chronic hepatitis and in the absence of treatment, 15 – 40% of persons living with viral hepatitis will develop liver cirrhosis and/or liver cancer.
-Human papillomavirus (HPV) protect yourself against cervical
10. Take part in organized cancer screening programmes for:
Breast cancer (women), Cervical cancer (women) & Prostate cancer. Regular cancer screenings increases the chances of detecting certain cancers early, when they are most likely to be curable.
National Institute of Health (2015) Prevention. Access: March 18, 2017. Source: https://www.cancer.gov/research/areas/prevention
American Cancer Society (2015) Cancer prevention and detection. Accessed: March 18, 2017. Source: https://www.cancer.org/healthy.html